Open Access

SVD-Based Optimal Filtering Technique for Noise Reduction in Hearing Aids Using Two Microphones

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20022002:852365

DOI: 10.1155/S1110865702000690

Received: 14 March 2001

Published: 30 April 2002

Abstract

We introduce a new SVD-based (Singular value decomposition) strategy for noise reduction in hearing aids. This technique is evaluated for noise reduction in a behind-the-ear (BTE) hearing aid where two omnidirectional microphones are mounted in an endfire configuration. The behaviour of the SVD-based technique is compared to a two-stage adaptive beamformer for hearing aids developed by Vanden Berghe and Wouters (1998). The evaluation and comparison is done with a performance metric based on the speech intelligibility index (SII). The speech and noise signals are recorded in reverberant conditions with a signal-to-noise ratio of https://static-content.springer.com/image/art%3A10.1155%2FS1110865702000690/MediaObjects/13634_2001_Article_912_IEq1_HTML.gif and the spectrum of the noise signals is similar to the spectrum of the speech signal. The SVD-based technique works without initialization nor assumptions about a look direction, unlike the two-stage adaptive beamformer. Still, for different noise scenarios, the SVD-based technique performs as well as the two-stage adaptive beamformer, for a similar filter length and adaptation time for the filter coefficients. In a diffuse noise scenario, the SVD-based technique performs better than the two-stage adaptive beamformer and hence provides a more flexible and robust solution under speaker position variations and reverberant conditions.

Keywords

VD-based technique beamforming noise reduction hearing aids speech intelligibility diffuse noise

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Lab. Exp. ORL, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
(2)
ESAT-SISTA, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Copyright

© Maj et al. 2002