Open Access

Recent Advances in Real-Time Musical Effects, Synthesis, and Virtual Analog Models

  • Jyri Pakarinen1Email author,
  • Vesa Välimäki1,
  • Federico Fontana2,
  • Victor Lazzarini3 and
  • Jonathan S. Abel4
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20112011:940784

DOI: 10.1155/2011/940784

Received: 8 October 2010

Accepted: 5 February 2011

Published: 28 February 2011


This paper reviews some of the recent advances in real-time musical effects processing and synthesis. The main emphasis is on virtual analog modeling, specifically digital emulation of vintage delay and reverberation effects, tube amplifiers, and voltage-controlled filters. Additionally, adaptive effects algorithms and sound synthesis and processing languages are discussed.

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Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Signal Processing and Acoustics, Aalto University School of Electrical Engineering
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Udine
Sound and Music Technology Research Group, National University of Ireland
CCRMA, Stanford University


© Jyri Pakarinen et al. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.