Recent Advances in Real-Time Musical Effects, Synthesis, and Virtual Analog Models

  • Jyri Pakarinen1Email author,

    Affiliated with

    • Vesa Välimäki1,

      Affiliated with

      • Federico Fontana2,

        Affiliated with

        • Victor Lazzarini3 and

          Affiliated with

          • Jonathan S. Abel4

            Affiliated with

            EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing20112011:940784

            DOI: 10.1155/2011/940784

            Received: 8 October 2010

            Accepted: 5 February 2011

            Published: 28 February 2011


            This paper reviews some of the recent advances in real-time musical effects processing and synthesis. The main emphasis is on virtual analog modeling, specifically digital emulation of vintage delay and reverberation effects, tube amplifiers, and voltage-controlled filters. Additionally, adaptive effects algorithms and sound synthesis and processing languages are discussed.

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            Authors’ Affiliations

            Department of Signal Processing and Acoustics, Aalto University School of Electrical Engineering
            Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Udine
            Sound and Music Technology Research Group, National University of Ireland
            CCRMA, Stanford University


            © Jyri Pakarinen et al. 2011

            This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.